How leveraging AI can take the business of art to a whole new dimension

Among its many firsts, AI helped resurrect Picasso’s lost artwork. Sotheby’s, the world’s largest, most trusted and dynamic  marketplace for art too has deep dived into data as is evident from its acquisition of the startup, Thread Genius, a virtual  search engine of sorts which harnesses the power of neural networks. It is capable of finding similar artworks to help  streamline art appraisals. Delhi based Art Gallery Nature Morte held a group show Gradient Descent in 2018 featuring AI  artworks and St. Petersburg’s Dalí Museum used deepfake technology to create a life-sized deepfake of the artist from his old  interviews and uses it to deliver quotes attributed to him.

At Artmarq, as the name suggests, Art Market Data meets Artificial Intelligence. Artmaq works by analysing data from public art sale records. They then track and add more dimensions to data including art deals made online. Artists, Curators, Art Collectors or Art Fair Executives or Online Startup Leaders stand to benefit as they can make informed decisions on the basis of data and analytics. Art consultants and gallerists, and those exploring the commercial side of art can use Artmaq for market research and competition analysis. Custom reports of specific artists or genre of art, or even market segments are made available to make the use of data as versatile as it can be. Artmaq can also serve as a useful tool for art educators and students.

Just like the resurrection of Picasso’s lost artwork, deep learning is used to understand the style of an artwork, and what makes it really stand out. These insights are then used to create a new masterpiece by Users can get artwork created in the styles of greats such as Kandinsky and Van Gogh using photographs or even inputs provided by them.  

Bulgari too dived into the field and created a gigantic art installation backed by AI in 2021. The installation was inspired by the serpenti symbol. The project was undertaken in collaboration with media artist Refik Anadol to create an immersive, digital artwork using real time AI and scent augmentation. The multi-sensory artwork was exhibited in Milan, Italy and then, there were plans to turn it into an NFT. Take that!

Cattle ID systems are among AI-based apps helping Indian dairy farmers grow: Here’s How!

Those in the dairy industry may be aware of the ghastly practice by Indian farmers of cutting off the ears of the cattle to enable them to identify cases of cattle theft, fraud, or even for purposes of tracking outbreak of diseases. Developed countries such as the UK and the US use advanced systems of cattle identification such as cattle passports which every animal can be identified with. Yet some farmers put numbers on animals for identification purposes. Facial recognition technology could put an end to such practices. Companies such as Mooo-ID and Cainthis are already working in this direction. Moo-ID as the name suggests helps in cattle-identification, and Cainthus uses AI and computer vision with their smart cameras to observe nutritional, behavioural, health and environmental activities that can impact production. This visual information is then turned into actionable insights that enable the farmer to make data-driven decisions to improve farm operations and animal health. Farms such as Maddox Dairy in the USA are already using this tech and feel they can know about the health of all the cows without being physically present at the farm.

Moo-ID, an AI-based livestock identification system on the other hand lets users register cattle against their Aadhar id. Information about the owner and the cattle is digitally stored. This can be later used to verify the cow’s Identity.

Milktech startup MoooFarm works with Microsoft to help Indian dairy farmers tackle their losses. With their services such as Digital Livestock Management, farmers can record and maintain cattle lifelines, manage their  expenses and also get access to predictive analytics for dairy farm management. Their mission is to make farmers prosperous and in that direction help farmers connect with ‘vets at doorstep’ at an affordable pricing, and help in purchase of dairy farming inputs which are again delivered to the doorstep at an affordable pricing. Besides, they also provide credit access to farmers, insurance of cattle et al.

Disease detection is necessary for the farmers to be in control of the health of their cattle as it is an important aspect of the dairy industry. An IoT device used to track health data of cattle is a collar, which is put on the neck of the animals and transfers the collected data which can be analyzed to detect any symptoms of diseases.

How brands are leveraging AI for customer acquisition?

As the fashion industry rapidly adapts to new technology, brands are leveraging AI and ML to reach out to existing customers and attract new customers. Leading fashion brand Tommy Hilfiger turned to AI to improve its designs when it tied up with IBM and Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT) in 2019. Their project Reimagine Retail, was directed towards using AI to map out future industry trends and also in improving the design process. Popular sports fashion brand Nike uses AI to keep the customer happy by personalizing customer experiences and improving engagement. As per Nike 60 % people wear the wrong shoe size and to fix this problem, the folks at Nike created the Nike Fit tool and integrated it with the Nike app where customers will be able to find their right size and even see how the product looks on their feet. This is done using a combination of technologies including Computer vision, Data science, Augmented reality, Recommendation Engines, and Machine Learning. 

Nike also has access to a wide range of customer data from its supply chain, enterprise data, and the app ecosystem. In 2017, the company had announced Nike Direct, a direct-to-consumer sales channel. To attract customers using product recommendations, the company has acquired four data science and analytics firms since 2018. Each of these acquisitions contribute to the ultimate goal of taking a step towards better customer experience. While ‘Invertex’ brought powerful 3d scanning technology that creates accurate models of one’s anatomy to Nike, ‘Zodiac’ projects revenue streams at the individual-customer level as it applies predictive behavioral models and customer analytics to target data, and Celect helps in optimizing inventory by predicting demand for the future by applying ML to the current data. So, by integrating varied tech, Nike uses the huge amount of data at its disposal to create customized recommendations and create demand. If financial figures are anything to go by, Nike Direct sales have shot up from USD 11.7 billion in 2019 to USD 16.3 billion in 2021.

Moving on to the luxury segment, Dior too, has used AI to launch its chatbot or beauty assistant called Dior insider. It chats with customers on the Facebook messengers and helps the customer with what they are looking for.

A new study from Juniper Research found that the global spending by retailers on AI services will reach $12 billion by 2023, up from an estimated $3.6 billion in 2019. Juniper expects over 325,000 retailers to adopt AI technology over the period. The future of the fashion industry clubbed with AI looks promising for sure

Role of AI in OTT platforms

That 98% match to your preferred movie types or TV serial genres on your favourite OTT platform is the handiwork of AI. With on-demand streaming fetching more and more users globally, it is only natural for media companies to look to AI to enhance customer experience. Let us look at how they are doing it.

AI in recommendations

AI-backed recommendation engines gather, collate, and extract user data before filtering it out in the form of recommendations.OTT platforms are some of the biggest users of such engines to push out the best content to their users. The more personalized the content is the more likely it is for the customer to remain loyal to the platform by watching more and more. Netflix Recommendation Engine (NRE) has great accuracy as it  filters content on the basis of an individual’s user profile using a mix of algorithms filtering over 3,000 titles at a go using 1,300 recommendation clusters. It is no wonder then that the market size of the recommendation engines is poised to reach $12.03 billion by 2025.

Role of ads and Metadata

As users of OTT platforms you may have noticed videos on these sites have information about the visuals, the emotions, a synopsis, and the genre of the show or film such as horror, romance, thriller etc. This is the metadata on which AI can assess the scenes in the show or movie to generate teasers automatically. Meanwhile, using the same metadata, advertisers find the ideal spots where they can place the products.

Demand forecasting

User behaviour can also be predicted by OTTs using demand forecasting. They can analyze which genres will resonate well with particular audiences. Demand forecasting can thus help OTT platforms find genres for fresh content, determine what is a good time/month/period of the season to release new content, the preferred languages and so on. Some of the most watched shows on Netflix for example are from other languages such as Squid Game in Korean, Money Heist in Spanish and so on.

As the entertainment industry moves towards wider use of AI, it is the early adapters that benefit the most. Intense competition also warrants constant innovation of AI tech to boost efficiency and keep up with the trend of upward growth.

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Meta Releases New Self-Supervised Algorithm data2vec

Meta AI, known earlier as Facebook AI, has launched what it calls as the “first high-performance self-supervised [machine learning] algorithm” called data2vec. data2vec is aimed at achieving self-supervised learning beyond specific use cases. Hitherto, self-supervised models were such that they could solve only a specific problem. A self-supervised language model could not solve a visual problem and a self-supervised visual model could not solve an audio problem. How data2vec will be different is that it will use the same algorithm to solve distinct problems , and move a step forward towards generalized artificial intelligence. A single model can now see, read, and listen, and comprehend rules across all these inputs. According to Meta AI, ‘through self-supervised learning, machines are able to learn about the world just by observing it and then figuring out the structure of images, speech or text.’ This approach is more effective for machines as they can now complete tasks of greater complexity like understanding the text for more and more spoken languages. With data2vec, Meta AI claims to be getting ‘closer to building machines that learn about different aspects of the world around them without having to rely on labeled data.’ We are nearing a future where AI could be able to use videos, audio recording, and articles to learn about even complicated subjects such as a game of chess or soccer, thus making AI more adaptable. Meta AI also claims that data2vec ‘outperformed the previous best single-purpose algorithms for computer vision and speech and it is competitive on NLP tasks’. The main idea behind data2vec is to enable machines to perform unfamiliar tasks as well. This will also bring computers a step closer to a world wherein computers will rely on less and less labeled data to complete their tasks.

The new algorithm works on a teacher network and a student network. The teacher network computes tasks from text, audio, or images and then the same is masked to repeat the process for a student network, which is entasked to predict representations of the full input data, while being given just a part of it. The prediction comes from internal representations of the input data, hence removing the dependence on a single modality.

One can access the open source code here.

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